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United States Demographics

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The population of the United States as of 2015 estimation by the U.S. Census Bureau was 320,786,658 and is the world's third most populous country. The 2014 census reflected a hike of 3.3% since the year 2010. As of 2010, the population density of USA is 87.4 persons per square mile. The major population of USA, around 81% reside in cities and suburbs. The most populous states are California and Texas, and the most populous city in the USA is New York City. New Jersey is the most densely populated state in the United States [1][2].

United States population quick facts according to the Census Bureau [2]

  • Population, 2014: 318,857,056
  • Population, 2013: 316,497,531
  • Population, percent change, April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014: 3.3%
  • Population, 2010: 308,745,538
  • Persons under 5 years, percent, 2013: 6.3%
  • Persons under 18 years, percent, 2013: 23.3%
  • Persons 65 years and over, percent, 2013: 14.1%
  • Female persons, percent, 2013: 50.8%
United States Racial groups, 2013 [2]

  • White alone: 77.7%
  • Black or African American alone: 13.2%
  • American Indian and Alaska Native alone: 1.2%
  • Asian alone: 5.3%
  • Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone: 0.2%
  • Two or More Races: 2.4%
  • Hispanic or Latino: 17.1%
  • White alone, not Hispanic or Latino: 62.6%


The major ancestries of the Unites States are-[3]

  • German -15.2%
  • Irish - 10.8%
  • African American - 8.8%
  • English - 8.7%
  • American - 7.2%
  • Mexican - 6.5%
  • Italian - 5.6%
  • Polish - 3.2%
  • French - 3.0%
  • American Indian - 2.8%
  • Scottish - 1.7%
  • Dutch - 1.6%
  • Norwegian - 1.6%
  • Scotch-Irish - 1.5%
  • Swedish - 1.4%

Religious Groups and Languages Spoken in USA


At the federal level, the United States has no designated official language, but at the state level, 28 states have accepted English as their official language. The American English is known as the national dialect of the US. There are many other regional dialects and the four major dialect regions in the US are the North, the South, the Midland, and the West.

The massive influence of immigrants from Asia is reflected on the culture of Hawaii and the West Coast, but the Asian migration also led to the establishments of predominant Asian neighborhoods in several notable cities across the nation. Additionally, the Southwest regions of USA is influenced by immigration from Mexico and existing Latino groups. The larger percentage of Native Hawaiians population who have migrated to the mainland U.S. have established settlements in California. The varying degree of intermarriage between ethnic and racial groups mark the ancestry of people in USA.

The percentage of native languages spoken in the United States, according to 2011 estimation are-[4]

  • English - 79.2%
  • Spanish - 12.9%
  • Indo- European - 3.8%
  • Asian and Pacific island - 3.3%
  • Other - 0.9%

United States Major Religious Groups, 2007 estimation [4]

  • Protestant - 51.3%
  • Roman Catholic - 23.9%
  • Mormon - 1.7%
  • Other Christian - 1.6%
  • Jewish - 1.7%
  • Buddhist - 0.7%
  • Muslim - 0.6%
  • Other or unspecified - 2.5%
  • Unaffiliated - 12.1%
  • None - 4%

United States Demography Quick Facts:[4]


Population
Image By Moses (The Crowd For DMB 1) [CC BY 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

-Age structure, 2014 evaluation:
  • 0-14 years: 19.4% (male 31,580,349/female 30,221,106)
  • 15-24 years: 13.7% (male 22,436,057/female 21,321,861)
  • 25-54 years: 39.9% (male 63,452,792/female 63,671,631)
  • 55-64 years: 12.6% (male 19,309,019/female 20,720,284)
  • 65 years and over: 14.5% (male 20,304,644/female 25,874,360)

-Median age, 2014 evaluation:
  • total: 37.6 years
  • male: 36.3 years
  • female: 39 years

-Population growth rate, 2014 evaluation: 0.77%

-Birth rate, 2014 evaluation: 13.42 births/1,000 population

-Death rate, 2014 evaluation: 8.15 deaths/1,000 population

-Net migration rate, 2014 evaluation: 2.45 migrant(s)/1,000 population

-Urbanization:

  • urban population, 2014 evaluation: 81.4% of total population
  • rate of urbanization, 2010-2015 evaluation: 1.02% annual rate of change

-Major urban areas - population, 2014 evaluation:

  • New York-Newark 18.591 million; Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana 12.308 million; Dallas-Fort Worth 5.603 million; Chicago 8.739 million; Miami 5.771 million; Philadelphia 5.571 million; WASHINGTON, D.C. (capital) 4.896 million

-Sex ratio, 2014 evaluation:
  • at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
  • 0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
  • 15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
  • 25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
  • 55-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
  • 65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female
  • total population: 0.97 male(s)/female

-Mother's mean age at first birth, 2011 evaluation: 25.6

-Maternal mortality rate, 2010 evaluation: 21 deaths/100,000 live births

-Infant mortality rate, 2014 evaluation:
  • total: 6.17 deaths/1,000 live births
  • male: 6.75 deaths/1,000 live births
  • female: 5.56 deaths/1,000 live births

-Life expectancy at birth, 2014 evaluation:

  • total population: 79.56 years
  • male: 77.11 years
  • female: 81.94 years
  • Total fertility rate, 2014 evaluation: 2.01 children born/woman



References:

  1. USA Census
  2. USA Population Quick Facts and Racial Groups
  3. USA Ancestries
  4. USA Native Languages Spoken and Other Demography Quick Facts

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